२०७६ साउन ७ मंगलवार
A Sample Commercial Agricultural Development Concept-Ganesh Shakya
From subsistence agriculture to commercial agriculture practice is the need of Nepal. Many efforts have been made by the government, private sectors and public private partnership approach, but the result is not satisfactory as much as desired by the stakeholders. But, SRC-CAP or Sindhuli Road Corridor Commercial Agriculture Promotion Project developed by JICA/Nepal has been proved successful as a commercial agriculture practice in Nepal. After completion of the 160 km BP highway (Banepa-Sindhuli-Bardibas), SRC-CAP has been formulated in 2015 for 5 years which tend to be completed in next year. The project may or may not be extended, but the result/impact of the project till date is found positive.
The project aims at developing value chain for high value commodities benefitting directly to the local people residing Sindhuli road corridor and its periphery. The primary objective is to increase commercial commodities focusing on income generation of the farm households in Sindhuli road corridor.
A mid term evaluation of the project was held and the impact of the project has been found positive in terms of employment and income generation of the rural farm households. The overall average net income of the local residents has been increased by 42 % and the 63% households directly involved in the project are able to increase their income by 30 percent. At present, the farmers from Kavre, Dolkha, Ramechhap and Sindhuli districts are directly involving in the project.
Why it is successful?
Development of transforming “Grow and sell” concept into “Grow to sell” concept is the main story behind successful of this project. Previously, our production economics was focused on “grow and sell” theory which is now proved date expired. This type of theory has never been successful transforming Nepalese subsistence agriculture system into commercial agricultural system. It is not necessary to be sold whatever the farmers produce. The sell of products is highly depending upon market demand. So, the products should be demand driven and the farmers/producers should be aware of what to produce, when to produce and where and when to sell. Yes, this awareness has been given to the farmers by the project. This is definitely a “grow to sell” principle adopted by the project.
After making farmers/producers aware of “grow to sell” principle, the project has focused on commercial farming method. High value crops are introduced in the corridor area. Beside that value chain has been developed+. different types of training have been provided to the farmers and also carried them to different markets in different places to make them understanding the marketing system. Improved seeds have been distributed and also trained them adopting new varieties and technologies in farming. They are also briefed abut farm management technology. All these supporting aids help farmers understanding the production and marketing of the products.
Finally, The construction of BP Highway is not only lessening the distance between Kathmandu – Eastern Terai but also became boon for the farmers of the corridor area. It has really addressed in transforming the livelihood of the poor farmers. So, the Nepal government has to learn the lesson form SRC-CAP project and should be replicate this type of development activities in different other highway corridors.